Constitutional Amendments


Hot off the press: On June 10, 2019, the State of Colima, Mexico, recognized the Rights of Nature in its Constitution. This makes Colima the first entire state or province in North America to recognize Nature’s rights. Earth Law Center is proud to have been consulted as a drafting expert on the Rights of Nature while the State government wrote the constitutional amendment. (In 2018, Mexico City adopted Rights of Nature into its Constitution.) Stay tuned for the final text, which will be released to the public by June 12, 2019.

Towns and Cities

Rights of Nature Toolkit

Hot off the press: Earth Law Center and other leading practitioners released a Community Toolkit for Rights of Nature. Download the Toolkit now to learn how your own local government can harmonize its environmental programs with the needs of Nature.

Local communities lead the way to Rights of Nature wins. Cities and towns across the United States and around the world have adopted laws and policies that recognize the human right to a healthy environment and Nature’s own right to be healthy. Join us in this global movement.


On July 16, 2018 the Town of Crestone’s Board of Trustees unanimously approved a resolution recognizing the Rights of Nature. Crestone now joins dozens of communities and nations around the world that recognize Nature’s inherent rights.

In conceiving and drafting the resolution Crestone consulted numerous experts, including Earth Law Center. The other experts included longtime Crestone visitor and “Earth Jurisprudence” advocate Myra L. Jackson, the U.N. Harmony with Nature program, and Marsha Moutrie, who drafted Santa Monica’s Rights of Nature law. Additionally, the local newspaper fostered important community dialogue on the initiative.

Watch Grant Wilson's talk in Crestone, Colorado


In 2013 the City Council of Santa Monica unanimously passed a Sustainability Rights Ordinance that recognizes that “natural communities and ecosystems possess fundamental and inalienable rights to exist and flourish in the City of Santa Monica.”


To correct the environmental problems we face, we must fully understand their scope. Transparency is critical. We also must work together with our allies in this shared effort. ELC maps include data for our allies and problem areas to better focus and galvanize the support needed for success.

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