Campaign for Legal Rights for the River Ethiope in Nigeria

Earth Law Center and the River Ethiope Trust Foundation (“RETFON”) have launched an initiative to establish legal rights for the River Ethiope in Nigeria. The River Ethiope would be the first waterway in Africa to gain legal rights recognition.


Amongst the rights sought for the River Ethiope are rights to be free from pollution, to restoration, to native biodiversity, and others. The River would also have standing to be heard as a party in a court of law. Finally, one or more guardians would be appointed to enforce these rights.

To learn more about what legal rights the River Ethiope may be entitled to, visit ELC's page on the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Rivers

Also, read our blog, Rights for the River Ethiope, Nigeria.

Interested in establishing legal rights for your own local waterway? Contact Grant Wilson, Directing Attorney, at