Rights of Nature in Mexico

Rights of Rivers

Earth Law Center and partners are seeking recognition of the rights of rivers at the national level in Mexico. This campaign draws from the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Rivers, which ELC wrote in coordination with experts worldwide. Until all waterways are recognized as subjects of rights, their health will continue to decline.

ELC also works to recognize the rights of particular waterways in Mexico. For example, ELC helped secure rights of rivers recognition in a new sustainability law in Mexico City (implementation pending) and is working to ensure its enforcement for the Magdalana River—the City’s last free-flowing river of 45. ELC also advocates for rights of Puebla’s Atoyac River, one of the most polluted in Mexico.

Finally, ELC submits amicus briefs in Mexico on behalf of the rights of rivers. In April 2019, ELC submitted an amicus calling for enforcement of the rights of the Salado and Atoyac Rivers in Oaxaca (note: this is a different Atoyac River than the one in Puebla).

Read our handout to learn more, available in English and Spanish. Más información aquí (en español). 

State Constitutions

Earth Law Center also supports state legislative efforts in Mexico to recognize Nature’s rights. In June 2019, the state of Colima, Mexico passed a constitutional amendment recognizing the Rights of Nature. Deputy Blanca Livier Rodríguez Osorio and other leaders spearheaded the campaign. ELC is proud to have offered pro bono legal support in this effort, including assistance with legal drafting.

You can help by subscribing to our newsletter, volunteering, or donating to Earth Law Center.

Magdalena River, Mexico City

Magdalena River, Mexico City



ELC is proud to work with local groups such as Cuatro Al Cubo, Organi - K, Nuiwari, A.C. and a myriad of others. Here are some of the supporters of the rights of rivers in Mexico:

Cuatro al Cubo - Member organizations.png